Dog Anxiety Medication: Understanding and Treating Your Canine Companion

Anxiety is not limited to humans; our beloved furry friends can also suffer from this condition. Dog anxiety is a growing concern among pet owners who are recognizing the need to address their canine’s mental well-being. If you are seeking answers and solutions for your anxious dog, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will delve into the causes of dog anxiety, explore its symptoms, and discuss the safest anxiety medications available for your four-legged friend.

Dog Anxiety

What Causes Anxiety in Dogs?

Dogs can experience anxiety due to a range of environmental factors. Fireworks, thunderstorms, loud noises, or the introduction of new individuals into the household can all trigger anxiety in our furry friends. The uncertainty and fear associated with these stimuli can be overwhelming for them. Additionally, a visit to the veterinarian or separation from their human companion can also cause anxiety in dogs, especially if they lack sufficient socialization.

Anxiety Causes

Recognizing Dog Anxiety Symptoms

As a dog owner, you have the advantage of being intimately familiar with your pet’s behavior. You can easily detect when something is not quite right. Anxiety in dogs can manifest in various ways, including circling, excessive chewing or licking, hiding, aggression, inappropriate urination, and restlessness. Paying attention to their body language can provide further insights into their mental state.

Separation anxiety is a particularly common form of anxiety in dogs. When dogs become overly attached to their owners, being separated from them can cause extreme distress. Behavior modification and medication can be effective in managing separation anxiety in dogs.

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Dog Anxiety Symptoms

Calming Separation Anxiety

Dealing with separation anxiety can be challenging for both you and your dog. Gradually exposing your dog to short periods of separation while providing treats can help them acclimate to being alone. Some owners even use camera systems to monitor their dog’s behavior and track the effectiveness of anxiety medication.

Scared Dog

The Relationship Between Anxiety and Behavior Problems

Untreated anxiety can lead to behavior problems in dogs. For example, a dog terrified of the vacuum cleaner may exhibit aggressive behavior towards the machine. Addressing anxiety-driven behavior requires a combination of behavior modification techniques, positive reinforcement, and, in severe cases, anti-anxiety medication. It is crucial to provide a safe space for your dog where they can retreat to when anxious.

Calming Dog Anxiety: Pheromones and Over-the-Counter Solutions

Pheromones play a significant role in creating a sense of security and calmness for dogs. Adaptil is a popular product that mimics natural dog pheromones to help alleviate anxiety. Available in diffusers and sprays, Adaptil can be a holistic alternative to prescription medications, particularly for dogs with mild to moderate anxiety.

Anxious Dog

Top Tips for Soothing Dog Anxiety

If your dog displays anxiety symptoms, scheduling a behavioral consultation with your veterinarian is essential. Your veterinarian can guide you on behavior modification strategies and prescribe appropriate medication tailored to your dog’s needs. In addition to professional advice, you can try over-the-counter solutions such as Thundershirts, calming supplements, creating a safe place, positive reinforcement, and Adaptil.

Nervous Pit Bull

Understanding Anxiety Medication for Dogs

If non-medical interventions have proven ineffective, your veterinarian may prescribe medication to alleviate your dog’s anxiety. Let’s explore some commonly prescribed dog anxiety medications:


Sertraline, also known as Zoloft, is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) that helps treat fear-based anxiety, compulsive behaviors, and aggression in dogs. It requires long-term use and is available in solid or liquid forms. Sertraline should be administered with food and as prescribed by your veterinarian, with a gradual taper-off when discontinuing.

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Paroxetine, or Paxil, is another SSRI commonly used for long-term treatment of anxiety in dogs. It is effective in reducing anxious behaviors such as aggression and compulsion. Given time to build up in the dog’s system, Paroxetine may take a few weeks to show noticeable effects.


Amitriptyline, or Elavil, is a tricyclic antidepressant used for separation anxiety in smaller toy breeds and cats. This medication should be administered according to the veterinarian’s instructions and can be given with or without food. Sedation, drowsiness, and heart arrhythmias are potential side effects, so it is essential to monitor your dog closely.


Clomipramine, or Clomicalm, is another tricyclic antidepressant commonly used alongside behavior modification training. It is effective for dogs with obsessive-compulsive disorders, separation anxiety, and mild aggression. Follow your veterinarian’s instructions and ensure your dog isn’t on a long list of medications that could interact unfavorably with Clomipramine.


Fluoxetine, or Prozac, is an FDA-approved SSRI frequently prescribed for a wide range of behavioral problems in dogs, including anxiety and separation anxiety. It requires a few weeks to take effect and should not be discontinued abruptly. Regular bloodwork may be necessary to monitor its levels in your dog’s system.


Trazodone, or Desyrel, is a serotonin antagonist/reuptake inhibitor (SARI) and a short-term medication. It offers quick relief for situational anxiety triggered by events like fireworks, grooming sessions, or visits to the veterinarian. Trazodone can be administered up to three times a day, two hours before stressful events.

Dog Hiding

Seeking Professional Guidance

Remember, anxiety in dogs should not be taken lightly. If your dog is exhibiting signs of anxiety, consult your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment. Your veterinarian is best equipped to identify the root causes of your dog’s anxiety and provide suitable solutions.

Anxiety medication, coupled with behavior modification techniques, can significantly improve your dog’s quality of life and overall well-being. Soothing your dog’s anxiety will require patience, understanding, and professional guidance.

For more information, visit Katten TrimSalon, where your dog’s needs are our top priority.