With the warm weather and long days upon us, we all want to spend time outside, enjoying the sun with our feline friends. Cats love the heat, and it’s a great way to enrich their lives. But it’s crucial to protect them from the harmful effects of the sun.
In this article, you’ll learn how to keep your cat safe and understand the signs and symptoms of excessive sun exposure.
Do Cats Get Sunburned?
Yes, cats can get sunburned if they’re exposed to the sun for too long. Just like humans, cat sunburns are caused by UV radiation. These invisible rays damage their delicate skin cells, leading to inflammation and redness.
Cats are more prone to sunburn on areas of their bodies that are not covered by fur, such as their ears, noses, and bellies.
Symptoms of Sunburn in Cats
If your cat has sunburn, you may notice the following symptoms:
- Red, scaly, inflamed, or crusted skin that is hot to the touch.
- Swollen eyes, stomach, paw pads, nose, and eyes.
- Pain or discomfort.
- An urge to lick or scratch the affected area, which may worsen the condition.
- In severe cases, blisters or sores may develop, leading to infection.
If you observe any of these signs, it’s important to contact your veterinarian immediately. Although sunburns are rare in cats, the symptoms can resemble those of other underlying conditions, so it’s always best to have your cat checked out.
Causes of Sunburn in Cats
Cats have different skin characteristics compared to humans, making them more susceptible to sunburn. Their thinner epidermis and less subcutaneous fat increase their risk of UV damage when exposed to the sun for extended periods. Additionally, cats cannot sweat like humans, making them more prone to heatstroke and sunburn.
Which Cats Are Most Susceptible to Sunburn?
Certain cat breeds are at higher risk of sun damage. Cats with white or light-colored fur, such as Siamese, Himalayan, and Persian breeds, are more prone to sunburn, heatstroke, dehydration, or skin cancer. However, all cats can get sunburn, regardless of fur length or color.
Treatment of Sunburn in Cats
If your cat gets sunburned, there are several things you can do to provide relief. Apply a cool compress to the affected area for 5-15 minutes. You can also use cat-friendly aloe vera gel or a honey-based cream to soothe their skin and reduce inflammation.
If your cat’s skin starts to peel after a few days, consult your veterinarian to see if pain medication is necessary. It’s important to avoid harsh chemicals such as rubbing alcohol, as they can cause further inflammation. Also, essential oils should be avoided as they can be toxic to cats.
In rare cases, cats may require hospitalization for supportive care, including fluid therapy, antibiotics, and wound treatment. If you notice any visible changes in your cat’s skin, a loss of appetite, lethargy, or vomiting, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Preventing Sunburn in Cats
Cats that remain indoors can also be at risk of sun damage. UV rays can penetrate windows and harm your cat’s skin. To protect your pet, provide shaded areas and close the curtains during peak sunlight hours.
When taking your cat outdoors, ensure access to fresh water and a comfortable shaded area for rest. Keep them indoors during the sunniest parts of the day, typically between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., to prevent overheating. Consider creating a shaded patio specifically for your cat, so they can enjoy the fresh air while staying safe from the sun and heat.
Use sunscreen specifically made for cats to protect their skin from harmful rays. Never use sunscreen meant for people, as it can be toxic to cats. Before letting your cat outside, apply sunscreen to their ears, nose, and any exposed areas of their body. Remember to reapply as needed.
By following these tips, you can ensure a happy and healthy summer for you and your feline companion. If you notice any signs of excessive sun exposure, don’t hesitate to contact your veterinarian.