A Comprehensive Guide to Dog Vaccination: Everything You Need to Know

A to Z Guide for Dog Vaccination

Keeping up with your pet’s vaccination schedule can be a real challenge for any pet parent. It feels like there’s always another shot that your furry friend needs. But don’t worry, we’re here to help you navigate through the world of dog vaccination in India and ensure your pup stays healthy and happy!

Why Vaccinate Your Dog?

Vaccinating your dog is essential for several reasons. Vaccinations protect your beloved companion from serious and potentially deadly diseases. They also help prevent the spread of diseases among dogs and even from dogs to humans. By vaccinating your dog, you are demonstrating responsible pet parenting and ensuring their overall well-being.

Here’s a quick rundown of the most common vaccinations that dogs need.

veterinarian taking care of a pet dog

5 Core Vaccines for Dogs


Rabies is a severe disease that can be fatal to both dogs and humans. All dogs should be vaccinated against rabies, with booster shots given every one to three years as per state law.


Parvovirus is a highly contagious and potentially life-threatening disease that can affect dogs of all ages, especially puppies. Vaccinating your dog against parvovirus is crucial for their well-being. Booster shots should be given every one to two years.


Distemper is a highly contagious disease that affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems of dogs. It can cause severe symptoms such as coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and even death. Puppies are particularly vulnerable. All dogs should be vaccinated against distemper, with booster shots given every one to two years.


Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects the kidneys and liver of dogs. It can be transmitted through contact with contaminated water or soil. Vaccinating your dog against leptospirosis is crucial to preventing severe kidney damage and potential death. Booster shots should be given every one to two years.

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Infectious Canine Hepatitis

Infectious Canine Hepatitis is a viral disease that affects the liver of dogs. It can cause symptoms such as loss of appetite, fever, bleeding, and more. The disease is usually spread through contact with contaminated or infected urine, saliva, or feces.

Apart from these core vaccines, there are a few non-core vaccines for dogs that are recommended based on lifestyle and risk factors. These include Bordetella, Canine Influenza, Lyme Vaccine, and Coronavirus.

Bordetella vaccination

Bordetella (Kennel Cough)

Bordetella is a bacterium that can cause respiratory infections in dogs, commonly known as kennel cough. If your dog regularly socializes with other dogs, your veterinarian may recommend this vaccine.

Canine ParaInfluenza

Canine ParaInfluenza is a virus that can cause respiratory illness in dogs. It is primarily spread through close contact with infected dogs. Discuss this vaccine with your veterinarian if needed.

Lyme Vaccine

Lyme Disease is caused by a bacteria transmitted by ticks. If your dog spends time in areas where ticks are common, such as woods or tall grass, your veterinarian may recommend the Lyme vaccine.


Canine Coronavirus (CCoV) is a virus that can cause intestinal infections and abdominal discomfort in dogs. If your dog regularly socializes with other dogs, you can consider administering this vaccine after consulting your veterinarian.

Puppy and Adult Dog Vaccination Schedule

veterinarian injecting a little dog

Puppy Vaccine Schedule

Puppies should start their vaccinations at 6-8 weeks old. They will need booster shots of core vaccines every 3-4 weeks until they reach 16 weeks old. Afterward, they will require annual booster shots.

Adult Dog Vaccination Schedule

Once your puppy reaches the age of 1 and has received all the core vaccines, you can follow an adult dog vaccination schedule. This usually involves periodic booster doses of DHPP and additional vaccines as recommended by your veterinarian.

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The booster doses include:

  • DHPP: Every 3 years after the first-year booster dose.
  • Rabies: Every 3 years after the first-year booster dose.
  • Leptospirosis: Every year after the first-year booster dose.
  • Bordetella: Every year after the first-year booster dose, based on veterinary recommendation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Are there any side effects of vaccines?

    • Your puppy may show mild withdrawal or experience a slight fever as their immune system reacts to the vaccine.
  2. What should and shouldn’t puppies do after vaccination?

    • After vaccination, puppies should rest in a calm and quiet place as their bodies work to protect them.
    • They should be fed high-quality food and given plenty of water.
    • If your puppy doesn’t recover within 24-48 hours, consult a veterinarian.
  3. Do puppies need annual booster doses?

    • Yes, puppies require annual booster doses for parvovirus, hepatitis, and distemper.
  4. What is the 5-in-1 vaccination for dogs?

    • The 5-in-1 vaccination, also known as DHPP, protects canines against diseases like hepatitis, parainfluenza, distemper virus, kennel cough, and parvovirus.
  5. What is the 7-in-1 vaccine for dogs?

    • The 7-in-1 vaccine protects dogs against Canine Distemper, Hepatitis, Corona Viral Enteritis, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus, and Leptospirosis.

By following this A-to-Z guide for dog vaccination, you can ensure that your beloved pup stays healthy and happy for years to come. Remember to consult your veterinarian about the best vaccinations for your pet. For more information on dog well-being, food, and training guides, visit Katten TrimSalon.


As a brand that manufactures the most loving treats for dogs, Katten TrimSalon has always prioritized the best pet care practices. We encourage all pet parents to be well-informed about responsible pet parenting. We are committed to providing the best possible products and ingredients for dogs while promoting education and awareness about responsible pet ownership. Pet parents and dogs alike trust us for quality and care. For the best way to show your dog some love, look no further than the 100% natural Dogsee Treats!